Secure Microkernels, State Monads and Scalable Refinement

David Cock, Gerwin Klein and Thomas Sewell

Abstract

We present a scalable, practical Hoare Logic and refinement calculus for the nondeterministic state monad with exceptions and failure in Isabelle/HOL. The emphasis of this formalisation is on large-scale verification of imperative-style functional programs, rather than expressing monad calculi in full generality. We achieve scalability in two dimensions. The method scales to multiple team members working productively and largely independently on a single proof and also to large programs with large and complex properties. We report on our experience in applying the techniques in an extensive (100,000 lines of proof) case study - the formal verification of an executable model of the seL4 operating system microkernel.

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Bibtex entry

@InProceedings{Cock_KS_08,
  author = {David Cock and Gerwin Klein and Thomas Sewell},
  title = {Secure Microkernels, State Monads and Scalable Refinement},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Theorem Proving in Higher Order Logics (TPHOLs'08)},
  year = {2008},
  editor = {Otmane Ait Mohamed and C\'{e}sar Mu\~{n}oz and Sofi\`{e}ne Tahar},
  series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
  publisher = {Springer-Verlag},
  pages = {167--182},
  volume = {5170},
}
Gerwin Klein
2008-05-22 15:07:14