In applications dealing with ordered domains, the available data is frequently indefinite. While the domain is actually linearly ordered, only some of the order relations holding between points in the data are known. Thus, the data provides only a partial order, and query answering involves determining what holds under all the compatible linear orders. In this paper we study the complexity of evaluating queries in logical databases containing such indefinite information. We show that in this context queries are intractable even under the data complexity measure, but identify a number of PTIME sub-problems. Data complexity in the case of monadic predicates is one of these PTIME cases, but for disjunctive queries the proof is non-constructive, using well-quasi-order techniques. We also show that the query problem we study is equivalent to the problem of containment of conjunctive relational database queries containing inequalities. One of our results implies that the latter is Pi^p_2 complete, solving an open problem of Klug [JACM, 1988].
To appear in Journal of Computer and Systems Sciencepostscript (189K)